What Makes A Doctor?

Over at Dr. Brenner’s Thoughts on Healthcare is this post:

I am surveying non-doctors to see what they think about how a doctor is trained. Do you have any idea how that happens? What do you think happens? Have you wondered about it? Is it shrouded in mystery? Do you have extra admiration for MDs due to this process? Please make comments to let me know your opinion and you might make it into my next book.

(Disclaimer: If you make a comment, you are giving me permission to use it in a book. If you don’t want me to use your comment, don’t make one.)
Thanks for your help!

I think I have a pretty good idea about the training doctors undergo, so my response was pretty long — so long that it exceeded the allowable number of characters and my comment wouldn’t post.  Then I went back to try again, and the question had been revised:

I’ve already had a few comments that didn’t address my question, so I will add this: Everyone knows the kind of qualifications it requires for an MD-college degree with pre-med classes/MCAT, 4 years of med school, and minimum 3 years of residency training.

My question is, when you picture in your mind what a med student has to do to learn what is required to practice medicine, how do you see that happening? This relates to course work, learning how to examine patients, “practicing” on patients, etc…Are there any myths, pre-conceptions (i.e. doctors are all intelligent [not saying that this is true BTW, just an example of what many people assume]), movies that bias you? Have you ever wondered about the rituals that occur to create a med student? It is not straightforward like: you go to class, you learn anatomy, you learn pathology/microbiology/pharmacology, and suddenly you can be someone’s doctor. Have you ever wondered what it is really like? Do you think you know what it is like bc you have a friend/relative who is an MD? If so, I want to hear what you think you know.

What do you think?